INCOLOY

The registered trademark name, Incoloy, is applied as the prefix name to several highly corrosion resistant high temperature strength metal alloys produced by Special Metals Corporation. These Incoloy alloys or superalloys are nickel-based alloys that exhibit traits that include good corrosion resistance in aqueous environments, excellent strength and oxidation resistance in high-temperature settings, good creep-rupture strength, and ease of fabrication.

Alloys of identical chemical and mechanical properties are available from other manufacturers and offer excellent alternatives to the various Incoloy brand alloys.

The corrosion-resistant superalloys are widely used in extreme environments where tremendous heat and corrosion resistance is paramount to the integrity of the end product. Chemical and petrochemical processing, power plants, and oil and gas industries widely use these superalloys.

What are the Characteristics of Incoloy?

  • Good corrosion resistance in aqueous environments
  • Excellent strength resistance in high-temperature settings
  • Excellent oxidation and carburization resistance in high-temperature settings
  • Good creep-rupture strength
  • Ease of fabrication

In what Applications are Incoloy alloys used?

  • Process piping, heat exchangers, carburizing equipment, heating-element sheathing, nuclear steam-generator tubing
  • Chemical and petrochemical processing, power plants, industrial furnaces, heat-treating equipment
  • Pollution-control equipment, oil and gas well piping, nuclear fuel reprocessing, acid production, pickling equipment

 

INCOLOY 800H/800HT

Incoloy 800, 800H, and 800HT are nickel-iron-chromium alloys with good strength and excellent resistance to oxidation and carburization in high-temperature exposure. These nickel steel alloys are identical except for the higher level of carbon in alloy 800H, and the addition of up to 1.20 percent aluminum and titanium in alloy 800HT. Incoloy 800 was the first of these alloys and it was slightly modified into Incoloy 800H. This modification was to control carbon (.05-.10%) and grain size to optimize stress rupture properties. Incoloy 800HT has further modifications to the combined titanium and aluminum levels (.85-1.20%) to ensure optimum high temperature properties. The nickel alloy is dual certified (800H/HT) and combines the properties of both forms. Incoloy 800H/HT alloy was intended for high temperature structural applications. The nickel content makes the alloys highly resistant to both chloride stress-corrosion cracking and to embrittlement from precipitation of sigma phase. The general corrosion resistance is excellent. In the solution annealed condition, alloys 800H and 800HT have superior creep and stress rupture properties. Today, most suppliers, including Neeka Tubes, only carry the dual certified 800H/HT alloy.

Incoloy 800 is primarily used in applications with temperatures up to 1100° F, where alloys 800H and 800HT are normally used in temperatures above 1100° F where resistance to creep and rupture is required. The chemical balance allows the nickel steel alloy to exhibit excellent resistance to carburization, oxidation and nitriding atmospheres. Incoloy 800HT will not become embrittled even after long periods of usage in the 1200-1600° F range where many stainless steels become brittle. Excellent cold forming characteristics typically associated with the nickel-chromium alloys are exhibited with 800HT. When cold formed extensively the grain size produces a visibly undulated surface called “orange peel”. Incoloy 800HT can be welded by the common techniques used on stainless steels.

What are the characteristics of Incoloy 800H/HT?

  • High temperature strength
  • High creep rupture strength
  • Resistant to oxidation and carburization in high temperature environments
  • Good corrosion resistance in many acidic environments
  • Good resistance to many sulfur-containing atmospheres

Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) Chemical Composition%

Ni
Cr
Fe
C
Al
Ti
Al+Ti
30.0-35.0
19.0-23.0
39.5 min
.10 max
.15-.60
.15-.60
.30-1.20

Alloy 800H (UNS N08810) Chemical Composition%

Ni
Cr
Fe
C
Al
Ti
Al+Ti
30.0-35.0
19.0-23.0
39.5 min
.05-.10
.15-.60
.15-.60
.30-1.20

Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) Chemical Composition%

Ni
Cr
Fe
C
Al
Ti
Al+Ti
30.0-35.0
19.0-23.0
39.5 min
.06-.10
.25-.60
.25-.60
0.85-1.2

*Note that the chemical composition of Incoloy 800HT will always be within the limits of Incoloy 800H.

*Note the limits of Incoloy 800H may or may not be within the limits of Incoloy 800HT.

In what applications is Incoloy 800H/HT used?

  • Ethylene furnace quench boilers
  • Hydrocarbon cracking
  • Valves, fittings and other components exposed to corrosive attack from 1100-1800° F
  • Industrial furnaces
  • Heat-treating equipment
  • Chemical and petrochemical processing
  • Super-heater and re-heaters in power plants
  • Pressure vessels
  • Heat exchangers

Alloys 800H/HT are used in a variety of applications involving exposure to corrosive environments and high temperatures such as heat treating equipment, chemical and petrochemical processing, nuclear power plants and the paper pulp industry. Heat-treating equipment such as baskets, trays, and fixtures employ Incoloy 800H/HT. Chemical and petrochemical processing industries use the alloys for heat exchangers and other piping systems in nitric acid media especially where resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking is required. Power plants use them for super-heater and re-heater tubing.

ASTM Specifications

Alloy
Pipe Smls
Pipe Welded
Tube Smls
Tube Welded
Sheet/Plate
Bar
Forging
Fitting
Alloy 800 (UNS N08800)
B407
B154
B163
B515
B409
B408
B564
B366
Alloy 800H (UNS N08810)
B407
B154
B163
B515
B409
B408
B564
B366
Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811)
B407
B154
B163
B515
B409
B408
B564
B366

Mechanical Properties

Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product
Tensile (ksi)
.2% Yield (ksi)
Elongation (%)
Rod & Bar
75-100
30-60
60-30

 

INCOLOY 825